Borrowing aspects of the Etruscan alphabet, the ancient Romans were among the first to develop a written script for transactions and correspondence.
By the 5th century A.D. it included early versions of lowercase letters and sometimes flowed like modern cursive.
After the Roman Empire fell, penmanship became a specialized discipline that primarily blossomed in monastic settings, specifically the medieval scriptoria that churned out Christian and classical texts across Europe.
Styles varied widely by region, however, so in the late 8th century Charlemagne tasked an English monk with standardizing the craft.
Influenced by Roman characters, Carolingian miniscule was designed for maximum legibility and featured lowercase letters, word separation and punctuation…
Mozelle Martin has been an an international Forensic Handwriting & Body Language Expert, Law Enforcement Trainer & Case Consultant since 1987. She holds a Master’s in Forensic Psychology and Criminology. She has been a commentator on media outlets such as ABC, NBC, TruTV, Crime Watch Daily. She is a former consultant for the writers of the Criminal Minds show. She is the creator of the NGT. She is a licensed investigator in the State of Arizona with training in related topics such as Crime Scene Investigations, Forensic Photography, Medicolegal Death Investigations, and more. She is also an approved provider for the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC).
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